Facts and figures

CGIAR: http://ccafs.cgiar.org/bigfacts2014/

  • With current global trends and diets, 60 percent more food will be needed by 2050.
  • Yields of maize, rice, wheat and soybeans all need to increase by 60 percent by 2050.
  • About one-third of all food produced is lost in the food supply chain.

 

BBSRC: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/publications/topic/future-bread.aspx

  • Over the next 50 years more food needs to be grown than has been produced in the 10,000 years since agriculture began.
  • There are about 1.2 billion poor who consume wheat as the main staple in their diet, and 2.5 billion wheat-consuming poor, living predominantly in Africa and Asia.
  • Worldwide, more land is used to grow wheat than any other crop.
  • Wheat has overtaken rice to become the second most-produced cereal after maize.
  • Wheat is the second most important cereal for direct human consumption (rather than for livestock feed) and the most significant global source of non-animal protein.
  • Around half of calories consumed in North Africa and West and Central Asia are from wheat.
  • In order to meet future demand the average annual increase in global wheat yield must jump from its current level of below 1 percent to at least 1.6 percent.
  • The wheat genome is 6 times larger than the human genome, 8 times larger than maize and 37 times larger than the rice genome.